Ultrasounds are universal in medicine today. It is an extension of the sonar technology. Ultrasounds involve the use of high-frequency soundwaves that are produced by a handheld sensor called a transducer. The transducer is placed on the body’s skin surface. When the sound waves from the transducer touch a body part, it recoils back to the transducer that is connected to a computer, which translates the bounced sound waves into an image. Ultrasounds are used for diagnosis purposes for several medical conditions and treatment assessment.
The Different Types of Ultrasounds
There are several types of ultrasound scans: external, internal, and endoscopic. Each type depends on which part of the body needs to be examined. For external ultrasound, the transducer is placed on the skin and moved over the surface. A gel is placed on the skin in a smooth motion by the transducer to create a connection between it and the skin.
The waves are then produced by the transducer in pulses-like sensations through the skin and in the body. This is where the bounce back of the waves are introduced to the varies parts of the body. The waves send a signal back to the transducer and it is reflected on the computer monitor by way of images. Video recordings can always be made with this type of ultrasound. External ultrasounds are mainly used for fetal development in pregnant women, reproductive organs, and major organs.
Internal ultrasounds are placed inside a cavity, e.g- private areas. There is usually no discomfort when this type of ultrasound is performed. An endoscopic ultrasound is where an instrument is inserted with an endoscope. A long, flexible tube that can be placed in the mouth and down the throat for examinations inside the body. This type of ultrasounds does require painkillers or sedatives because of the discomfort it brings.
The Different Uses for Ultrasounds
There are several different ways that ultrasounds can be used. For instance, ultrasound mesa az is accustomed to these different uses. One use is for the detection and assessment of abnormal growths in the female reproductive region. These growths can be fibroids, tubal or ovarian masses, or cancers. An ultrasound is also used for detecting heart conditions and provided treatment assessments. The ultrasound examines the size of the heart, its shape, and the way it moves. The examination of the movement is to asset the heart valves, chambers, and blood flow throughout the heart. In regards to heart evaluation ultrasounds, it is called an echocardiogram. This can also detect cardiac irregularities.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can be diagnosed as well. This is a condition where blood clots have formed deep in the veins. The thrombi can breakdown and travel to the lungs, which can cause a pulmonary embolism. Ultrasounds can also be used to detect abnormal conditions in the organs. This can consist of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, bladder, prostate, breasts, thyroid, lymph nodes, skin, joints, and eyes.
Procedures similar to biopsies can also be performed using an ultrasound. Biopsies are where a tissue sample taken and analyzed. An ultrasound is used to accurately locate where the biopsy needs to be performed.